There is clear evidence to show that climate change is happening. Measurements show that the average temperature at the Earth’s surface has risen by about 1°C since the pre-industrial period. 17 of the 18 warmest years on record have occurred in the 21st century and each of the last 3 decades have been hotter than the previous one.
The world is not on a sustainable path and needs a rapid transition to lower carbon energy in order to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. This will involve meeting growing demand with energy that is cleaner, as well as reliable and affordable.
Governments take action
The UK played a key role in securing the 2015 Paris Agreement, where for the first time, 195 countries adopted the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate deal.
On 27 June 2019 the UK government amended the Climate Change Act and set a legally binding target to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions from across the UK economy by 2050.
Did you know?
Greenhouse gas emissions in 2018 are estimated to be 43.1% lower than they were in 1990 However, harnessing renewable energies such as geothermal power can further reduce these levels.